Pneumothorax as a complication of respiratory failure – two case reports and literature review
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Student Research Group, Second Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
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Milena Krawczyk   

Student Research Group, Second Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) – severe clinical syndrome with a high mortality rate, is characterized by hypoxemia and respiratory failure secondary to non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. The most common cause of ARDS is pneumonia. The cases are presented of 2 male patients: a 28-year-old and a 41-year-old, who were in a severe general condition due to progressive respiratory failure secondary to pneumonia. Despite antibiotic therapy the condition of the patients deteriorated. A differential diagnosis was performed, in which autoimmune causes, tuberculosis and viral infections were excluded. During hospitalization, both men developed pneumothorax requiring urgent drainage. A decline and deterioration of the patients’ vital signs was observed and eventually death was pronounced. ARDS is a severe disease that poses a challenge in clinical practice. The course of the disease is difficult to predict, and the patient requires intensive surveillance and treatment.
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