Instructions for Authors
The journal “Journal of Pre-Clinical and Clinical Research” using the Open Access model publishes: original and review articles, letters to the editors, and other materials. All original articles, review articles and case reports are reviewed. The journal will consider articles from every legitimate specialty. We are particularly interested in: medicine, human and animal physiology, clinical pharmacology, oncology, molecular cell biology, toxicology, biotechnology, biophysics.

1. Original articles, short reports, review articles and case reports should be submitted to the Editors exclusively by electronic panel. Please use the editorial panel available on the website: www.jpccr.eu passing to the bookmark Authors Pathway, and follow further instructions. The remaining types of submissions, i.e. letters to editors, conference reports and book reviews should be sent to the address: jpccr.edit@gmail.com

2. Original articles must contain the following: introduction, objectives, material and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, and references. Abstracts of original articles should consist of 1,400-1,800 characters, including spaces, and divided into: introduction and objective, materials and methods, results, conclusions. Original articles should not exceed 20,000 characters including spaces, but excluding abstract and references; maximum 25 references. The number of Tables and Figures should not exceed 8.

3. Review articles must contain: introduction and objective, description of the state of knowledge, summary, and references. Abstracts of review articles should consist of 1,400-1,800 characters, including spaces, and divided into: introduction and objective, abbreviated description of the state of knowledge, summary. Review articles should not exceed 30,000 characters including spaces, but excluding abstract and references; maximum 50 references.

4. Original and review articles must contain 3 - 6 key words selected with consideration of the terms contained in ‘Medical Subject Headings’ MeSH.

5. The text of original and review articles must be divided as follows:
• Front page: title of the article, abstract, key words;
• Second and subsequent pages: title and text of the article, references, illustrations, tables and graphs.

6. List of references:
The list of references is the responsibility of the author. References should be quoted in square brackets in order of citation. References must be in accordance with the principles established by the ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals’ (www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html). Each reference should contain: surnames and first letters of authors’ names, title of the article, abbreviated title of the journal, year of publication, volume number, issue number, numbers of the first and last pages. If there are more than six authors, after the sixth name, ‘et al.’ should be written. Abbreviated titles of journals indexed on the Medline (PubMed) database should be quoted according to the NLM Catalogue (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog), and the titles of the remaining journals according to the version provided by the editors of individual journals. The website references should contain the date of downloading or reviewing of the file in brackets after the URL address (Uniform Resource Locator). Punctuation must be maintained precisely according to the examples of references presented below:

Article in a journal
Caron J, Lecomte Y, Stip E, Renaud S. Predictors of quality of life in schizophrenia. Commun Ment Health J. 2005; 41(4): 399– 417.

Books and monographs
Ballou SP, Kushner I, Kelly W, Harris E, Ruddy S. Laboratory evaluation of inflammation. Textbook of Rheumatology. 5th ed. Philadelphia,1996.

Section in a book
Krotochwil-Skrzypkowa M. Post-vaccination reactions and complications. In: Dębiec B, Magdzik W, editors. Preventive vacinations. Ed. 2. Warsaw; 1991. p. 76-81.

Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.

Conference material
Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the l0th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam, Elsevier; 1996.

Website materials
Caron J. Predictors of quality of life in schizophrenia. www.scie-socialcareonline.org.uk/profile.asp?guid=bbc52e0e-c00f-4c05-8a42-49c123963900 (access: 2010.04.29).

7. Evaluation of the manuscript (principle of reviewing publications)
- The manuscripts registered are subject to anonymous review. The manuscripts are sent to at least two independent reviewers from outside the Institute.
- In other solutions, the reviewer must sign a declaration concerning the lack of a conflict of interests. Conflict of interest are considered as:
a) direct personal relationships (blood relation, legal relations, conflict);
b) relations of occupational subordination;
c) direct scientific cooperation within the last two years preceding the review.
- The process of reviewing the manuscript should not last longer than 6 weeks; however, the Editors cannot guarantee a specified date of making the decision.
- The review is in written form and ends with an unequivocal conclusion concerning the acceptance of the manuscript for publication or its rejection.
- The final decision concerning the acceptance of a manuscript for publication, acceptance under the condition of making corrections, or the decision to reject the manuscript, is the right of the Editors and is not open to discussion. The Editors do not have to justify their decisions.
- The surnames of reviewers of individual publications/issues are not revealed; once a year, the journal publishes the list of cooperating reviewers.

8. An explanation concerning “ ghostwriting” and “ guest authorship”
– The editors require from the authors of articles that they reveal the contribution of individual authors to the manuscript (quoting their affiliation and contribution, i.e. who is the author of the concept, assumptions, methods, protocol, etc., used while writing the manuscript), the primary author bearing the responsibility for the manuscript submitted.
– The editors explain that “ ghostwriting” (“ ghostwriting” is undertaken by a professional writer who writes books, articles, etc., based on detailed information provided, but the work is officially credited to someone else, without the name of the ghostwriter being mentioned) and “ guest authorship” (occurs when the contribution of the author is very little or not at all, despite which he/she is the named author/co-author of the manuscript) are a manifestation of scientific unreliability, and all detected cases will be disguised, including the informing of proper parties (institutions employing the authors, scientific societies, scientific editors associations, etc.).
– The Editors request provision of information concerning the sources of financing the article, contribution of scientific-research institutions, associations and other parties (‘financial disclosure’).
– The editors document any manifestations of scientific unreliability, especially the breaking and violating of ethical principles in effect in science.

9. Reservations
Articles which do not fall within the scope of problems of the journal and do not satisfy the requirements concerning the text layout and references will not be accepted. The Editors reserve the right to correct syntax errors, correct nomenclature, and make necessary abbreviations, correct and supplement references without prior consultation with the author. The Editors do not verify quotations and translations thereof; therefore, any quotations and their translations from foreign languages must be prepared by the responsible author of the article.

10. Statements
Submission of an article for publication in the journal Journal of Pre-Clinical and Clinical Research is unequivocal with the provision of a statement by the author that there is no ‘conflict of interests’ which occurs when the author remains in a financial or personal relationships which unjustly affects his/her actions associated with publication of the manuscript.

Prior to the beginning of the publication process the author or authors of submitted articles are obliged to:

a) submission to JPCCR of a written certificate signed by the all authors that the article has not been published anywhere previously, or submitted for publication to any other journal
b) submission to JPCCR of a written certificate concerning copywrite transfer for the manuscript to the Institute, signed by the all authors of the article

Certificates referred to in Clause ( a) and ( b) may also be provided in an electronic form, as a scan of the document signed by the author(s).
The Certificates should be provided together with the manuscript files.

11. Payment
The authors make a remittance of 40 EUR (or 150 PLN) gross for article accepted for publication. Letters to the editors are published free of charge. Remittance should be transferred to the Institute’s bank account after receipt of confirmation of acceptance of the article for review.

Data for transfer (40 EUR):
Instytut Medycyny Wsi
Jaczewskiego 2
20-090 Lublin
IBAN: PL59 1240 5497 1978 0010 4070 5964
Data for transfer (150 PLN):
Instytut Medycyny Wsi
Jaczewskiego 2
20-090 Lublin
IBAN: PL48 1240 5497 1111 0010 4069 9654

In the title of the transfer, the surname of the first author and identification number of the article (e.g. Smith, #15321) must be stated.
All fees associated with bank transfer are covered by the payer author.

In the case of withdraw of manuscript already accepted for publication, reimbursement will be made in the amount of 70% of the payment.

12. Requirements concerning formatting of the manuscript and illustrations
• The manuscript should be sent in the form of electronic files without final formatting (preferably 12 point font, 1.5 line spacing, paragraphs distinguished with a one line space between each paragraph, titles must not be distinguished by a different font, do not split words between lines, columns in tables divided by single tabulator, acknowledgements inserted automatically, do not format by repeating spaces, do not precede punctuation marks by spaces, do not use so-called ‘hard space’.
• llustrations, prints, graphs, and photos (black and white only) must be submitted in separate files. Their proper position in the text should be indicated. Numerical data should be added to create the graphs.
• When in doubt, please contact the address: jpccr.edit@gmail.com, tel. +48 817184 491.