Patient’s informed consent in clinical trials
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Clinical Research Organization – Worldwide Clinical Trials, Warsaw, Poland
Department of Gastroenterology, Provincial Hospital No. 2, Rzeszow, Poland
Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Department of Endoscopy, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Corresponding author
Joanna Polanin-Huk   

Clinical Research Organization – Worldwide Clinical Trials, Jana Pawła II 23, 00-854 Warsaw, Poland.
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2010;4(2):161-164
The doctrine of informed consent is fundamental to all medical personnel involved in investigational research. Informed consent arose from the Helsinki Declaration that stated, ‘concern for the interests of the subject must always prevail over the interests of science and society’. As clinical research is a part of medical practice, it is reasonable to assume that exceptions to fully informed consent that are defendable in medical practice can also be applied to clinical research. The exceptions to fully informed consent are waiver, incompetence, therapeutic privilege, emergency, or proxy.
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