Oral hygiene practices and factors influencing the choice of oral hygiene materials among undergraduates in selected universities in Osun State, Nigeria
More details
Hide details
Department of Nursing Science, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria
Nigerian Navy Reference Hospital, Lagos State, Nigeria
Department of Clinical Nursing, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Taiwo Omotayo Dosumu   

Department of Nursing Science, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State Nigeria, Iwo, Nigeria
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2022;16(4):137–142
Introduction and objective:
Oral health is a crucial part of general health and wellbeing to be maintained throughout a life, and the oral health status is usually determined by the level of oral hygiene practices. This study aimed at investigating oral hygiene practices and factors influencing the choice of oral hygiene materials among undergraduates in Osun State, Nigeria.

Material and methods:
A cross-sectional descriptive research design was adopted using a multistage sampling technique to select 440 undergraduates from two universities in Osun State. Osun State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria with an estimated population of about 4.7 million, as of 2016. The research instrument used was a self-structured questionnaire, data retrieved was coded, entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21.

More than half of the respondents 232 (52.7%) were between 21–25 years. Only 59% perceived that their oral health status was excellent. A small percentage of the respondents (3.2%) visit the dentist regularly and only 26% brush their teeth twice daily and change their toothbrush every six months. Less than half of the respondents (33.9%) exhibited good oral hygiene practices. Gender and institution attended had a significant relationship with oral hygiene practices with P value of.010 and.001, respectively.

More than half of the respondents perceived their oral health status to be excellent and less than half of the respondents claimed they exhibited good oral hygiene practices. The most identified factor affecting their choice of oral hygiene materials was cost. Socio-demographic variables of significance for the practice of oral hygiene were gender and institution of study. There is need to promote oral health through health education about oral hygiene at various levels of learning and during campaigns to all age groups.

Taiwo Omotayo Dosumu, Abisola Betiku, Grace Ademuyiwa, Oluwaseyi Olabisi, Temitayo Adebisi, Rahmat Oyekale. Oral hygiene practices and factors influencing the choice of oral hygiene materials among undergraduates in selected universities in Osun State, Nigeria. J Pre-Clin Clin Res. 2022; 16(4): 137–142. doi: 10.26444/jpccr/156092
Umanah AU, Braimoh OB. Oral hygiene practices and factors influencing the choice of oral hygiene materials among undergraduate students at the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. J Dent Allied Sci. 2017;6(1):3‑7. doi: 10.4103/2277-4696.205440.
Bashiru BO, Anthony IN. Oral self-care practices among university students in Port Harcourt, Rivers State. Niger Med J. 2014;55(6):486–9. doi: 10.4103/0300-1652.144703.
John JR, Daniel B, Paneerselvam D, Rajendran G. Prevalence of Dental Caries, Oral Hygiene Knowledge, Status, and Practices among Visually Impaired Individuals in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Int J Dent.2017;5(1):9419–648. doi: 10.1155/2017/9419648.
World Health Organization. The World Oral Health Report, 2015. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015.
Ofili DC, Efu EB, Ejemot-Nwadiaro RI. Oral hygiene practices and utilization of oral healthcare services among in-school adolescents in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2020;36(300):101–160. doi: 10.11604/2020.36.300.25102.
Rana S, Shakoor A, Fahim A. Awareness of Halitosis and Oral Hygiene among Undergraduate Dental Students. J Pak Dent Assoc 2017;26(4):141–45.
Oyetola EO, Okunola IE, Adedigba MA, Nwhator SO, Soyele OO, Fadeju AD, Owotade FJ. Oral health practices and oral hygiene status of undergraduate students at Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Niger J Health Sci 2016;16(2):76–81. doi: 10.4103/njhs.njhs416.
Gopikrishna V, Bhaskar NN, Kulkarni SB, Jacob J, Sourabha K G. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of oral hygiene among college students in Bengaluru city. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2016;14(1):75–79. doi: 10.4103/2319-5932.178726.
Gupta V. Assessment of oral hygiene practices among medical students. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2020; 7(3):1170–1177. doi:10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20200986.
Sharda AJ, Sharda J. Factors influencing choice of oral hygiene products used among the population of Udaipur, India.” Int J of Dent Clin. 2010:2(1) 7–12.
Opeodu OI, Gbadebo SO. Factors Influencing Choice of Oral Hygiene Products by Dental Patients in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. Ann Ib Postgrad Med. 2017;15(1):51–56.
Mhaske S, Yuwanati MB, Keswani H, Jain L.Evaluation of oral health awareness among public school children – Aschool-based study from Bhopal. Arch Med Health Sci. 2018;6(2)214–217. doi: 10.4103/amhs. amhs_86_17.
Soroye MO, Braimoh BO. Oral health practices and associated caries experience among secondary school students in Lagos State, Nigeria. J Oral Res Rev. 2017;9(1):16–20. doi: 10.4103/2249-4987.201399.
Alam BF, Raza H, Junejo S, Azfar M, Saleem T, Shakeel A, Shaikh P, Perveen M, Bai H. Oral Hygiene Practice And Perceived Oral Malodour Among Dental and Medical Undergraduate Students of Bahria University Medical And Dental College. Journal of Bahria University Medical and Dental College.202;8(4):221–225. doi: https://
Raval AJ, Shaikh SK. A survey about knowledge, attitude, and practice of oral health among the students of Faculty of Medicine, Medical College, Vadodara – A comparative study. J Dent Res Rev. 2021;8(1):36–39. doi: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_123_20.
Shah AH, ElHaddad SA. Oral hygiene behavior, smoking, and perceived oral health problems among university students. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015;5(4):327–333. doi: 10.4103/2231-0762.161765.
Gainza-Cirauqui ML, Montebello V, Muscat N, Stanyer S, Cortes AR, Attard N. Self-perceived oral health status and oral health-related quality of life in a population with moderate to severe visual impairment in Malta. Research Associate, 2016. Faculty of Dental Surgery.
Iwuala, S, Adesola U, Beatrice O, Fasanmade O. Oral self-care practices, dental attendance self-perceived oral health status of internal status among internal medicine residents in Nigeria’, European Journal of General Dentistry. 2015;4(2):79–86. doi: 10.4103/2278-9626.154179.
Awais F, Shahzad HB, Naheed K, Khan AA. Factors influencing consumers’ choices of oral hygiene products: A cross-sectional study. Makara J Health Res. 2019;23(3):138–142. doi: 10.7454/msk.v23i3.1156.