Epidemiology of non-invasive Aspergillosis of the maxillary sinuses – Clinical data from the Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic of the Medical University in Lublin, Poland, 2005–2014
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Chair and Clinic of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
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Jolanta Wojciechowicz   

Chair and Clinic of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Lublin, Staszica 11, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2014;8(2):95-99
Fungi are organisms which occur in the human environment. One of the potential pathogenic fungi is Aspergillus which belongs to mould, and is an etiological factor of non-invasive fungal paranasal sinusitis. Objective. Epidemiological analysis of aspergillosis of the maxillary sinuses. Material and methods. Retrospective analysis of the medical histories of 41 patients treated in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Medical University in Lublin, Poland between 2005–2014 due to non-invasive aspergillus maxillary sinusitis. The patients’ gender, age, and etiopathogenesis of the condition with signs and symptoms, and methods of treatment were analysed. Histological examination was crucial in the final diagnosis. Results. The majority of the patients constituted women aged 29–72. The most common complaints were suborbital pain, rhinorrhoea and impaired nasal ventilation. All the patients were treated surgically, and pharmacologically with Fluconazole. Conclusion. Fungal maxillary sinusitis should be taken into account in every case of chronic maxillary sinusitis resistant to standard treatment. Women are more susceptible to Aspergillosis, and the risk factors for the disease are endodontic treatment of the maxillary teeth and fistula antro-oralis post extractionem. Surgical treatment sometimes should be complemented by pharmacological antimycotic treatment.
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