Comparison of consumer and nutritional behaviours of respondents aged 55 and older living in selected regions of Poland and France: BIO LIFE project – pilot studies
More details
Hide details
Department of Human Nutrition and Hygiene, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
AGRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-nancy, France
Corresponding author
Magdalena Człapka-Matyasik   

Department of Human Nutrition and Hygiene, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2014;8(1):3-8
The survey studied individuals aged 55 and older living in the Wielkopolska province of Poland and the Lorraine region in France to analyse and to compare consumer and nutritional behaviours. The results provided data on the nutritional behaviours and factors influencing the nutritional choices in these groups and found differences with its potential impact on consumer behaviour in both communities. The route to-and-from a shop, the weight of purchased products, and insufficient legibility of labels were found to be the most significant problems faced by the respondents in both countries. The quality and health aspects of food products were an important factor influencing the choice of food. A significant difference was noted between the approach of the Polish and the French respondents towards labelling food products with details concerning the recommended group of consumers; the French group was clearly reluctant to purchase food products with such labelling. In both studied groups, a frequent habit was observed of eating between meals. However, according to the responses by the tested individuals, fruits were most often chosen as snacks. The studies also revealed that the elderly preferred dishes with a strong and distinctive taste. These survey are a valuable source of information for local support centres for entrepreneurship, regional policy planning and local food producers. However, the scope of studies should be expanded to include groups from different regions and countries on a more representative group.
AENEAS – Good Practice Fact Sheets – European project in the framework of the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE). (access: 02.07.2013).
Becker W, Schmitt A. Kearney M, Lennernas M, Fjellstrom C, Giachetti I. Remaut de Winter AM. Influences on food choice perceived to be important by nationally-representative samples of adults in the European Union. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 51 (Suppl 2): 8–15.
Cross AT, Babicz D. Cushman LF. Snacking habits of senior Americans. J. Nutr. Elder. 1995; 14 (2–3): 27–38.
Gabrowska E, Spodaryk M. Assessment of dietary intake of elderly people living in Krakow. Żyw Człow Metab 2002; 29 (Suppl): 203–208.
Graaf C, Polet P, Staveen A. Sensory Perception and Pleasantness of Food Flavors in Elderly Subjects. J. Gerontol. 1994; 49 (3): 93–99.
Groot CP, Staveren WA. Under-nutrition in the European SENECA studies. Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly. a Concerted Action. Clin Geriatr Med. 2002; 18(4): 699–708.
Grzymisławski M, Gawęcki J. Żywienie Człowieka zdrowego i chorego. PWN. Warsaw. 2010 p. 81–82 (in Polish).
EUROSTAT: (access: 02.07.2013).
Jabłoński E, Kaźmierczak U. Nutrition of the elderly. Gerontol. Pol. 2005; 13: 48–54.
Jenkins DJ. Carbohydrate tolerance and food frequency. Brit. J. Nutr. 7. 1997; Suppl 1: 71–81.
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Brighhen F, Cunnane SC. Nibbling versus gorging: metabolic advantages of an increased meal frequency. New Eng. J. Med. 1989; 321:929–34.
Kafatos A, Kearney JM, Giachetti I, Remaut de Winter. de Graca P. Lappalainen R. Sources used and trusted by nationally-representative adults in the European Union for information on healthy eating. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 51 (Suppl 2): 16–22.
Kirk TR, Cursiter MC. Long-term snacking intervention did not lead to weight gain in free-living man. Scand. J. Nutr. 1999; 2 (Suppl 34): 3–17.
Kozłowska K, Szczecińska A, Roszkowski W, Brzozowska A, Saba A. Perception of convenience food by older people living in Warsaw (based on the example of vegetable soups). Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2006; 15/56 (2): 227–233.
Lahue P. The new mature market. Restaurant Hospitality. 2000; 84 (1): 51–56.
Leighton C, Seaman C. The elderly food consumer: disadvantaged? J. Consum. Stud Home Econ. 1997; 21 (4) 363–370.
Marmonier C, Chapelot D, Fantino M. Snacks consumed in a non-hungry state have poor satiating efficiency: influence of snack composition on substrate utilization and hunger. J. Am of Clin. Nutr. 2002; 76 (3): 518–28.
Meneely L. Elderly consumers and their food store experiences. J. Retail. Cons. Services. 2009; 16 (6): 458–465.
Miller N, Kim S. Importance of older consumers to small business survival: evidence from Iowa. J. Small Bus Manage. 1999; 37: 1–15.
Oates B, Shufeldt L, Vaught B. A psychographic study of the elderly and retail store attributes. J. Cons. Marketing. 1996; 13 (6): 14–27.
Rosel N. Inconspicuous consumption: How a small sample of rural elders see images in the media. Generations. 2001; 35 (3): 47–51.
Świtała M. The self-assessment of health condition and its effect upon the behavior of senior consumers. Gerontol. Pol. 2009; 17 (3): 129–136.
Wei Lin. Ya-Wen Lee. Nutrition knowledge. attitudes. and dietary restriction behavior of the Taiwanese elderly. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr. 2005; 14 (3): 221–229.
World Population Prospects: The 2006 revision. United Nations.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top