Anaemia and neurologic complications- the dominating manifestations of infective endocarditis -case report
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Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin
Corresponding author
Marcin Kowalik   

Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Lubartowska 68A\51, 20-094 Lublin, Poland
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2018;12(1):36-39
Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardium, which most commonly involves the mitral and aortic valve. The estimated incidence of IE in patients with heart defects is 1–2%. One of the predisposing factor is mitral valve leaflet prolapse accompanied by incompetence. The diagnosis of IE can prove difficult due to the possible occurrence of symptoms from multiple organs. A multidisciplinary approach, and taking into consideration possible numerous complications is essential during diagnostic procedures. The clinical picture of IE includes embolic complications. The presented study describes the case of a 58-year-old male patient with a mitral defect diagnosed due to multi-cause anaemia, which delayed the diagnosis of IE. Besides anaemia, the clinical picture was dominated by numerous embolic brain lesions, being complications of IE, which caused disorientation and confusion.

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