REVIEW PAPER
Influence of natural dairy probiotics on health
 
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1
Student Scientific Club of Clinical Dietetics, Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders and Clinical Dietetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
2
Department and Clinic of Urology and Oncological Urology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
3
Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders and Clinical Dietetics, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Natalia Wojciechowska-Alwin   

Student Scientific Club of Clinical Dietetics operating at Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders and Clinical Dietetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland, Szamarzewskiego St. 82/84, 60-569, Poznan, Poland
 
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2019;13(4):153–161
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Probiotics are live microorganisms which, administered in appropriate amounts, have a beneficial effect on human health. Food products that contain these microorganisms are known as natural probiotics. Probiotic food include the group of dairy products in which fermented milk products are majority.

Objective:
The aim of the study is to review current data and summarize knowledge on the effects of consumption of dairy probiotics on human health. The review also aims at discussing the potential of these health-supporting microorganisms as a prevention factor against civilization diseases

State of knowledge:
Consumption of probiotic food, especially natural dairy probiotic food, may have a positive effect on health due to the presence of probiotic bacteria or by the presence of their metabolites (postbiotics) demonstrating bioactive effects. The intake of these products is associated with the improvement of parameters such as lipid profile, insulin sensitivity, cardiovascular risk parameters, or presents protective effect on bones. Studies show a correlation between the consumption of natural probiotics and reduction in duration of diarrhea or alleviation of the course of inflammatory bowel diseases.

Conclusions:
The influence of natural dairy probiotics consumption on the state of health has recently been broadly investigated. Regular consumption of these products has shown beneficial a effect on gut microbiota and on a wide range of health parameters. However, further studies are necessary to draw a precise conclusion.

ABBREVIATIONS
ACE – Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme; ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorders; CFU – Colony Forming Units; CLA – Conjugated Linoleic Acid; DNA – Deoxyribonucleic Acid; EPS – Exopolysaccharides; FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; GABA – γ-Aminobutyric Acid; Glu – Glutamic Acid; HDL – High Density Lipoprotein; IBD – Inflammatory Bowel Diseases; IBS – Irritable Bowel Syndrome; LDL – Low Density Lipoprotein; LPS – Lipopolysaccharides; MS – Multiple Sclerosis; SCFA – Short-Chain Fatty Acids; PD – Parkinson’s Disease; WHO – World Health Organization; WPC – Whey Protein Concentrate
 
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