Evaluation of efficacy and regenerative potential of Wharton’s jelly and bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells in diabetic rats
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Advanced Neurosciences Allies Indira Nagar Bangalore India
Chitra Som   

Advanced Neurosciences Allies\nIndiranagar\nBangalore, India, 9th 'A' Main, off CMH Road,, Indira Nagar III Stage, Hoysala Nagar, Karnataka 560038 Bengaluru, India
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2018;12(1):30–35
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that to-date has no definitive cure. The main challenge for successful therapy to treat diabetes lies in producing functional β-cells and overcoming the autoimmune response. Currently; regenerative medicine using Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) offers promising treatment. Objective. Comparison of the antidiabetic effect of bone marrow MSCs with Wharton’s jelly MSCs in streptozotocin-induced diabetes (T1D) in rat models.

Material and methods:
Wharton’s jelly derived from human umbilical cords and bone marrows aspirated from the posterior iliac crest were used for the isolation of WJ- MSCs and BM-MSCs, respectively. MSCs were cultured and cells from passage 6 were used for the study. Experimental animals were induced with T1D using multiple low dose streptozotocin (MLDSTZ). Experimental mice were divided into 6 groups (n =10); Groups 1 and 2 were diabetic and normal controls, Groups 3 and 4 were Diabetic mice treated with WJ- MSCs and BM- MSCs, and Groups 5 and 6 were diabetic mice given insulin and glybenclamide treatments, respectively.

Low blood glucose levels, increased serum insulin levels, and significant pancreatic regeneration were observed in WJ- MSCs treated diabetic group. This was accompanied by improvement of the histopathological changes. The results were not promising in the BM-MSCs groups which had no noticeable changes.

The source of MSCs from where it is procured is one of the main factors that influence the differentiation potential of MSCs into insulin producing cells. WJ-MSCs are better antidiabetic agents than BM-MSCs, and are par to the standard diabetic drugs, coupled with potential to initiate pancreatic regeneration.

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