REVIEW PAPER
Applications of Cytosorb in clinical practice
Paweł Kutnik 1  
,  
 
 
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1
Student’s Scientific Association, II Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
2
II Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Paweł Kutnik   

Student's Scientific Association, II Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
Cytososorb is haemadsorption device approved in the European Union in 2011 for cytokine adsorption. Recently, in 2018, new indications for the device use have been added, including bilirubin and myoglobin removal. This study aimed to present the results of studies pertaining to Cytosorb use in clinical practice. In subsequent sections of this review, indications for Cytosorb therapy and clinical relevance of presented evidence are listed.

State of knowledge:
In clinical practice, Cytosorb has been reported as one of potential supportive therapies in patients with septic shock. There is evidence of significant reduction of interleukin 6 and vasopressors when Cytosorb is implemented. However, the decreased mortality after Cytosorb has yet to be reported. Besides cytokine adsorption, Cytosorb also collects drugs, a property that can have a beneficial effect on acute drug poisoning (anticoagulants). However, Cytosorb lowers the plasma concentration of some antibiotics which might affect the outcome of patients in septic shock. The haemadsorption device has also been researched in cardiac patients, and some reports suggest a reduced need for vasopressors and blood transfusions when therapy is installed during surgery. Other indications for Cytosorb are also reported, especially the effectiveness in decreasing bilirubin serum concentrations as treatment or bridge therapy, without affecting the albumins. Cytosorb might also be the last resort treatment in acquired haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.

Conclusions:
The evidence supporting the use of CytoSorb remains elusive. There is lack of large prospective studies which could provide definitive answers about the place of Cytosorb in clinical practice. There are no reports of safety and feasibility issues in all presented studies.

 
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