CASE REPORT
Anaemia and neurologic complications- the dominating manifestations of infective endocarditis -case report
 
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Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin
 
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2018;12(1):36–39
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ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardium, which most commonly involves the mitral and aortic valve. The estimated incidence of IE in patients with heart defects is 1–2%. One of the predisposing factor is mitral valve leaflet prolapse accompanied by incompetence. The diagnosis of IE can prove difficult due to the possible occurrence of symptoms from multiple organs. A multidisciplinary approach, and taking into consideration possible numerous complications is essential during diagnostic procedures. The clinical picture of IE includes embolic complications. The presented study describes the case of a 58-year-old male patient with a mitral defect diagnosed due to multi-cause anaemia, which delayed the diagnosis of IE. Besides anaemia, the clinical picture was dominated by numerous embolic brain lesions, being complications of IE, which caused disorientation and confusion.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Marcin Kowalik   
Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Lubartowska 68A\51, 20-094 Lublin, Poland
 
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