Tooth loss in the population of south-eastern Poland
More details
Hide details
Department of Dental Prosthetics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Department of Mathematics and Medical Biostatistics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Corresponding author
Jolanta Szymańska   

Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
J Pre Clin Clin Res. 2016;10(2):105-109
The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between selected socio-demographic factors and tooth loss in patients using removable dentures. Materials and method. The study comprised 321 individuals, all of whom were residents of the Lublin province in south-eastern Poland. The study investigated the influence of socio-demographic factors, such as gender, age and education on the severity of tooth loss. To analyze the structure of tooth loss, the classifications by Galasińska-Lansberger and by Eichner were used. The results were analyzed statistically.

Edentulous gaps and lateral edentulism in the maxilla were significantly more frequent in women, while mixed tooth loss was more frequent in men, while the percentages of men and women with maxillary edentulism were similar. There were no statistically significant gender-specific differences concerning mandibular edentulism. The number of individuals who reported total tooth loss in both the maxilla and the mandible increased with age, the differences being statistically significant. Individuals with primary education only were significantly more likely to report maxillary edentulism, while a high percentage of those with secondary or higher education reported edentulous gaps in the maxilla. There was no statistically significant relationship between education and the type of tooth loss in the mandible.

There is a strong relationship between age and education level on the one hand, and the severity of tooth loss on the other. However, gender exerts no significant influence on tooth loss, which was confirmed using 2 classifications of edentulism.

Kassebaum NJ, Bernabé E, Dahiya M, Bhandari B, Murray CJL, Marcenes W. Global Burden of Severe tooth loss: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Dent Res. 2014; 93(7): 20–28.
Williams J, Greene S, McNally S, Murray A, Quail A. Growing Up in Ireland National Longitudinal Study of Children. The Infants and their families. Infant cohort. Report 1. 2010.
Dahlgren G, Whitehead M. European strategies for tackling social inequities in health: Levelling up Part 2. WHO Regional Office for Europe 2006. Web site:
Müller F, Naharro M, Carlsson GE. What are the prevalence and incidence of tooth loss in the adult and elderly population in Europe? Clin Oral Impl Res. 2007; 18(3): 2–14.
Jodkowska E. Stan uzębienia dorosłych mieszkańców Polski w latach 1998–2009. Przegl Epidemiol. 2010; 64: 571–576 (in Polish).
D’Souza MK, Aras M. Association between socio-demographic variables and partial edentulism in the Goan population: An epidemiological study in India. Indian J Dent Res. 2014; 25(4): 434–438.
Hugo FN, Hilgert JB, de Sousa Mda L, da Silva DD, Pucca GA Jr. Correlates of partial tooth loss and edentulism in the Brazilian elderly. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2007; 35: 224–232.
Bhardwaj VK, Veeresha KL, Sharma KR. Dental prosthetic status, prosthetic needs in relation to socioeconomic status of the state government employees in Shimla city (Himachal Pradesh) – A cross sectional study. J Int Soc Prev Communit Dent. 2011; 1(2): 52–56.
Majewski S. Podstawy protetyki w praktyce lekarskiej i technice dentystycznej. Wydawnictwo Stomatologiczne SZS-W. Kraków 2000 (in Polish).
Chhabra A, Chhabra N, Kabi D, Jain A. Understanding Dental Status and Treatment Need of Geriatric Patients: Oral Health Trends in an Indian Population. Oral Health Dent Manag. 2013; 12(4): 213–216.
Pels E, Błaszczak J. Ocena stanu uzębienia i protetycznych potrzeb u pensjonariuszy lubelskich domów pomocy społecznej. Gerontol Pol. 2012; 20(3): 95–101 (in Polish).
Basnyat KC S, Sapkota B, Shrestha S. Epidemiological Survey on Edentulousness in Elderly Nepalese Population. Kathmandu Univ Med J. 2014; 12(4): 259–263.
Esan TA, Olusile AO, Akeredolu PA, Esan AO. Socio-demographic factors and edentulism: the Nigerian experience. BMC Oral Health 2004; 4(3): 1–6.
Musacchio E, Perissinotto E, Binotto P, Sartori L, Silva-Netto F, Zambon S, Manzato E, Corti MC, Baggio G, Crepaldi G. Tooth loss in the elderly and its association with nutritional status, socio-economic and lifestyle factors. Acta Odontol Scand. 2007; 65: 78–86.
Peltzer K, Hewlett S, Yawson AE, Moynihan P, Preet R, Wu F, Guo G, Arokiasamy P, Snodgrass JJ, Chatterji S, Engelstad ME, Kowal P. Prevalence of Loss of All Teeth (Edentulism) and Associated Factors in Older Adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014; 11: 11308–11324.
Abdel-Rahman HK, Tahir CD, Saleh MM. Incidence of partial edentulism and its relation with age and gender. Zanco J Med Sci. 2013; 17(2): 463–470.
Damyanov ND, Witter DJ, Bronkhorst EM, Creugers NHJ. Dental Status and Associated Factors in a Dentate Adult Population in Bulgaria: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int J Dent. 2012; 1–11.
Zawada Ł, Matuszewska A, Chrzęszczyk D, Konopka T. Utrata zębów u dorosłych mieszkańców Wrocławia. Dent Med Probl. 2012; 49(3): 391–398 (in Polish).
Panasiuk L, Kosiniak-Kamysz W, Horoch A, Paprzycki P, Karwat D. Tooth loss among adult rural and urban inhabitants of the Lublin Region. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012; 20(3): 637–641.
Ozkan Y, Őzcan M, Kulak Y, Kazazoglu E, Arica A. General health, dental status and perceived dental treatment needs of an elderly population in Istanbul. Gerodontology 2011; 28: 28–36.
Radović I, Davidović L, Krunić J, Stojanović N. Dental Status and Prosthetic Rehabilitation in Elderly Population in Relation to Socioeconomic Factors in Republika Srpska. Serbian Dent J. 2015; 62(1): 14–20.
Eustaquio-Raga MW, Montiel-Company JM, Almerich-Silla JM. Factors associated with edentulousness in an elderly population in Valencia (Spain). Gac Sanit. 2013; 27(2): 123–127.
Patel JY, Vohra MY, Hussain JM. Assessment of Partially Edentulous Patients Based on Kennedy’s Classification and its Relation with Gender Predilection. Int J Scien Study. 2014; 2: 32–36.
Muneeb A, Moshin Khan B, Jamil B. Causes and pattern of partial edentulism/exodontia and its association with age and gender: semi rural population, Baqai dental college, Karachi, Pakistan. Int Dent J Stud Res. 2013; 1(3): 13–18.
Charyeva OO, Altynbekov KD, Nysanova BZ. Kennedy Classification and Treatment Options: A Study of Partially Edentulous Patients Being Treated in a Specialized Prosthetic Clinic J Prosth. 2012; 21: 177–180.
AL-Dwairi ZN. Need and Demand of Removable Dentures by Jordanian Adults and Relationship to Socioeconomic Factors. J Oral Hyg Health. 2013; 1(2): 1–5.
Bernabe E, Sheiham A. Tooth Loss in the United Kingdom – Trends in Social Inequalities: An Age-Period-and-Cohort Analysis. PLOS ONE. 2014; 9(8); 1–8.
Buchwald S, Kocher T, Biffar R, Harb A, Holtfreter B, Meisel P. Tooth loss and periodontitis by socio-economic status and inflammation in a longitudinal population-based study. J Clin Periodontol. 2013; 40: 203–21. DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12056.
Yoshino K, Kikukawa I, Yoda I, Watanabe H, Fukai K, Siughara N, et al. Relationship between Eichner Index and Number of present teeth. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll. 2012; 53(1): 37–40.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top